Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.3/1690
Título: Explaining the "anomalous" distribution of Echinodium Jur. (Bryopsida) : independent evolution in Macaronesia and Australasia
Autor: Stech, Michael
Sim-Sim, Manuela
Esquível, M. Glória
Fontinha, Susana
Tangney, Ray
Lobo, Carlos
Gabriel, Rosalina
Quandt, Dietmar
Palavras-chave: Biogeography
Molecular Relationships
Pleurocarpous Mosses
trnLUAA intron
Data: 31-Out-2008
Editora: ElsevierGmbH
Citação: Stech, M., Sim-Sim, M., Esquível, G., Fontinha, S., Tangney, R., Lobo, C., Gabriel, R. & Quandt, D. (2008). "Explaining the 'anomalous' distribution of Echinodium Jur. (Bryopsida): independent evolution in Macaronesia and Australasia". «Organisms Diversity and Evolution», 8: 282-292. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ode.2008.02.001.
Resumo: The peculiar disjunction between Macaronesia and Australasia of the morphologically isolated pleurocarpous moss genus Echinodium is one of the most prominent questions in bryology. Echinodium as traditionally circumscribed comprises six extant species, four restricted to the Macaronesian archipelagos and two confined to the Australasian/Pacific regions. Molecular phylogenetic analyses based on plastid trnLUAA intron and nuclear ribosomal ITS sequences indicate that Echinodium is polyphyletic and split into three groups. Three of the four Macaronesian species (E. spinosum and the single island endemics E. renauldii and E. setigerum) are closely related to each other and treated as Echinodium s.str. (Echinodiaceae). Further clarification of the relationships of Echinodium s.str. with Orthostichella, a segregate of Lembophyllaceae, is needed. The remaining Macaronesian species, E. prolixum, is transferred to Isothecium (Lembophyllaceae); this systematic position is also strongly supported by leaf characters. The two Australasian species, E. hispidum and E. umbrosum, are molecularly unrelated to the Macaronesian species and are transferred to Thamnobryum in the Neckeraceae. While the molecular data suggest that the peculiar distribution pattern of ‘Echinodium’ is an artefact, the striking morphological similarity observed in Macaronesian and Australasian species cannot be dismissed. Possible explanations are: (i) parallel morphological evolution of the ‘Echinodium habit’ in Macaronesia and Australasia, or (ii) retention of a set of plesiomorphic characters in non-related groups in relict habitats, the Macaronesian laurel forest and the austral temperate rain forests, respectively. Of these hypotheses, the evolutionary parallelism hypothesis seems more plausible for several reasons, which are discussed.
Descrição: Copyright © 2008 Gesellschaft für Biologische Systematik. Published by Elsevier GmbH.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.3/1690
ISSN: 1439-6092 (Print)
1618-1077 (Online)
Versão do Editor: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ode.2008.02.001
Aparece nas colecções:DCA - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais / Articles in International Journals

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